Central Kalimantan (abbreviated as Kalteng) is a province in Indonesia which is located on the island of Borneo. The capital is Palangkaraya City. Central Kalimantan has an area of 153,564.60 km². Based on the 2010 census, the province has a population of 2,202,599, consisting of 1,147,878 males and 1,054,721 females. Central Kalimantan BPS data in 2019 shows the population of this province in 2018 increased to 2,660,209 (male 1,391,078 people and female 1,269,131 people). Central Kalimantan has 13 districts and 1 city.
Natural conditions: The north consists of the Muller Swachner Mountains and hills, the southern part is lowlands, swamps and marshes. It borders three Indonesian provinces, namely East, South and West Kalimantan and the Java Sea. This region has a humid tropical climate which is crossed by the equator.
Biodiversity: Much is unknown, with a variety of coastal, mountain / hill, lowland and marshy areas, all kinds of tropical vegetation dominate the nature of this area. Orangutans are endemic animals that are still abundant in Central Kalimantan, especially in the Tanjung Puting National Park which has an area of up to 300,000 ha in Kotawaringin Barat and Seruyan Districts. There are bears, hedgehogs, gibbons, monkeys, monkeys, proboscis monkeys, pangolins, crocodiles, slow lorises, freshwater whales (tampahas), arowana, manjuhan, marine life, turtles, turtles, hornbills, parrots and various other animals. high.
Natural resources: Forests dominate 80% of the area. The remaining primary forest is about 25% of the total area. Currently, oil palm plantations are dominated by vast land, which reaches 700,000 ha (2007). Community rubber and rattan plantations are still scattered in almost all regions, especially in the districts of Kapuas, Katingan, Pulang Pisau, Gunung Mas and Kotawaringin Timur.
There are many kinds of potential natural resources, including those that have been exploited in the form of coal, gold, zircon, and iron mines. There are also copper, kaolin, gemstones and others.